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Main olfactory families and subfamilies in perfumes

2022-05-18 09:01


Vintage Perfumery - Utility , famiglie olfattive, famiglie olfattive profumi, classificare profumi,

Main olfactory families and subfamilies in perfumes

Don't you know what it means that a perfume is fougere or oriental? With this article you will learn about the olfactory families of perfumery.


This article will help us to catalog fragrances based on the so-called olfactory families.

There are so many existing perfumes that it is necessary to divide them into categories (and subcategories) also as a second advantage, we can broadly know some ingredients present. For a citrus scent there is no doubt that we will find citrus fruits, whether they are lemon, bergamot or other. From the two images you can see the different families for women's and men's perfumes. But let's get straight to the point.


the fundamental theme has a clear predominance of

flowers: rose, lily of the valley, jasmine, tuberose, violet, etc. When the perfume has bloomed, it means that the notes of the

flowers have an olfactory constant throughout the duration of the fragrance.


the departure of the perfume is fresh and smells of flowering grass (there is one

strong note of galbanum).


the term 'spices' is often confused with that of 'aromas'. The difference is that the spices are used dry, while the aromas are used fresh. Therefore, pepper, cloves, cinnamon, ginger and nutmeg are spicy notes. On the other hand, tarragon, thyme, rosemary, coriander, basil, etc. are aromas.


aldehydes are synthetic products, which can give great power to the perfume and allow olfactory amplification and greater



is an accord of notes that recalls the characteristic scent of the island of Cyprus. It includes a blend of oak moss, citrus, patchouli and labdanum.

LEATHER: it is a note that tries to reconstruct the smell of leather, usually made up of notes of tobacco, honey, smoke and burnt wood.


often the essentiers call this chord 'oriental' due to its sweetness characteristic.

It is a rich and warm note (usually in the base), made up of 'Vanilla, labdanum, patchouli and sandalwood.

Amber 'It is also used as a fixer and is an animal substance, which is obtained from organic secretions of the sperm whale.

ORIENTAL: they are warm notes, formed by balms, resins, spices, vanilla, amber, forest musk and incense.

These olfactory tones are evident from the head to the bottom of the chord.


it is said of a perfume that starts with floral or spicy notes and ends with warm or oriental notes (or vice versa).


a scent of wood or forest immediately strikes the nose, sandalwood, patchouli, cedar, vétiver, tree moss and oak moss (often the departure of the wood is citrus


the French term 'hesperidé' is widely used. They are notes of orange, mandarin, lemon with touches of bergamot.


is a fancy name with which all male perfumes are called that have an accord of lavender (sweet-powder note), oak moss, curnarina, bergamot and geranium. The warm notes of Fougère have a continuation in the aromatic notes, often woody and amber, which

underline the character

'warm-sweet' of the fragrance.


this note introduced a new olfactory nuance in perfumery. Such as? Through the evocation of two fundamental elements, linked to the world of nature: air and water. The interpretation of this agreement varies according to the images that one wants to suggest: rnacrocosms (the great marine spaces, the infinite sky) or microcosms (the drop of dew on the petals of

flowers, the water contained in the fruit). In any case, you get a reality of life that evokes lived emotions.

In the next article, continuing on this topic, we will go to see the parent perfumes of the olfactory families, that is, those perfumes that were first placed in a specific olfactory family. For example, the first chypre perfume was Coty's chypre in 1917. We will see all the others in the next article.

This is it.

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